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simple past tense – Spoken English Online Training

SIMPLE PAST
ACTION
TIME FRAME:

Yeterday,the day before yesterday,last night,last week,last month,last year,few year ago,last evening.

STRUCTURE:

Positive:

sub+v2+other words+timeframe for simple present (I,we,you,they)

Example:

1.The teacher taught a new lesson last friday
2.I visited Delhi last year.
Negative:

sub+didn’t+v1+other words+time frame for simple past(I,we,you,they,he,she,it)

Example:
1. Madhu didn’t attend the class yesterday.
2.My mother did not bake a cake on my birthday last year.

Question:

Did+sub+v1+other words+timeframe for simple past(I,we,you,they,he,she,it)

Example:

1.Did you watch T.V. yesterday?
2.Did your father send you money last month?

APPLICATIONS:

To question about an action that is complete or over

PAST-‘SITUATION':
TIME FRAME:

yesterday,the day before yesterday,last night,last week,last month,last year,few yearsago,last evening

STRUCTURE:

Positive:

I+was+noun/adjective
We,you,they,those,+were+noun/adjective
He,she,it+was+noun/adjective

Example:
1.I was a student of st.theresa’s School 10 years ago.
2.Mohan was absent last week.

Negative:
I+was not+noun/adjective
We,you,these,those+were not+noun/adjective
She,he,it+was not+noun/adjective

Example:
1.I wasn’t aa teacher 10 years ago.
2.Mhoan and rajesh weren’t students of russell’s last year.

Question:
Were+you,they+noun/adjective
Was+she,he,it+noun/adjective

Example:
1.Was Madhu a chubby child?
2.Was Nargis a good actress?

Application:
To indicate profession,qualification and designation.
To indicate a person in the past.
To indicate quality.(past)
To indicate relationship.(past)
To indicate age.(past)
To indicate time,date,day&cost.

PAST CONTINUOUS:
TIME FRAME:
STRUCTURE:

Positive:
I+was+v1+ ing+other words+specific time in the past
We,you,they+were+v1+ing+other words+specific time in the past
He,she,it+was+v1+ ing+other words+specific time in the past

Example:
1.I was watching TV at 6last evening.
2.We were having dinner when my friend came.

Negative:
I+wasn’t+v1+ing+other words+specific time in the past
We,you,they+weren’t+v1ing+other words+specific time in the past
He,she,it+wasn’t+v1ing+other words+specific time in the past

Questions:
were+you.they,v1ing+other words+specific time in the past
Was+he,she,it+v1ing+other words+specific time in the past

Examples:
1.Was it raining when you out last evening?
2.Was your friend studying when you went to his house last night?

APPLICATION:
1.To question an action which was going on when another action happened.
2.TO talk about an action which was at a specified time.

Speak about the past – Spoken English Online Training

Key Words:(was/were verbs(V2) in past form)
Structure:
s+v2+other words
s+didnot+v1+other words
did+sub+v1+other words

x never combine
was/were with v2 or v1
X did/didnot with v2

was I,he,she,it
Were they,you,we

S+was+/were+obj

wasn’t/weren’t
was/were+sub+obj

A trip or journey you went on:

where did you start
where did you go
how did you go
who went with you

PRESENT PERFECT
^
how many of you have been there

Worked
Looked
Almonds
Breakfast
Comfortable
Several
Recur
Received
Walked
Pronunciation
Chocolate
Espresso
Plumber
Dengue
Pizza
Sour
Mojito
Buffet
Mischievous
Beverage
Practically
Temperature
Vegetable
Family
etcetera

Small medium large size
Tall grande venti grenta
I would like to have a

HOME TOWN;

— Resaon- To find prace, happiness, meet people.
— Environment- healty/nature.
— with every day activites.
— reduce stress & mental tension.

PACKAGING;

— To much is spend in it.
— Increases the price. (community OR product)
— Innsures the quality.
— snackes eater while travelling.
— encourages the people to liter on roads.

past tense structure:

S+used+V1

Present tense structure:
S+{is,am,are}+used+other words
I visit my home town once a year. I eagerly wait to go to home town to meet friend’s & relatives. I like to play with friends in evening time. like cricket, kabaddi etc., I really enjoyed in my home town when compare to the city my home town environment is very peace & greenery. there is no heavy traffic when i am there I don’t follow my schedule.

Nouns – Spoken English Online Training, Tips, Tricks, Spoken English Skills

NOUNS

Kinds and function

There are four kinds of nouns in English :
Common nouns : dog, man, table
Proper  nouns : India, Delhi, Mrs, Murli, Pavan
Abstract nouns:beauty, charity, courage, fear, joy
Collective nouns:crowd, flock, group, swarm, team

A noun can function as:
The subject of a verb be,: Pavan arrived
The complement of the vebs be, become, seem: Pavan is an actor
The object of a verb: I saw to pavan
The object of a preposition: I spoke to pavan
A noun can also be in the possessive case: Pavan’s books.

Gender
masculine:men, boys and male animals (pronoun he/they)
Feminine:women, girls and female animals(pronoun she/they)
Neuter:inanimate things, animals whose sex we don’t know and sometimes babies whose sex we don’t know(pronoun it/they)
Exceptions:ships and sometimes cars and others vehicels when regarded with affection or respect are considered feminine.Countries when refrred to by name are also normally considered feminine.
The ship struck an iceberg, which tore a huge hole in her side.
Scotland lost many of her bravest men in two great rebellions.

Personal mascline / feminine nouns

Different forms :
boy, girl                     gentleman, lady        son, daughter
bachelor, spinster    husband,wife           uncle, aunt
bridegroom, bride    man, woman             widower, widow
fater, moter               nephew, niece

Main exceptions
Baby            infant            relative
child            parent          spouse
cousine       relation        teenager

duke, duchess        king, queen        princess
earl, countess         lord, lady

the majority of personal nouns have the same form:
artist               cook                driver        guide
assistent        dancer            doctor        etc.

Main exceptions:
Actor, actress                           host, hostess
conducter, counductress       manager, manageress
heir, heiress                            steward, stewardess
hero, heroine                          waiter, waitress

Also salesman, saleswomen etc., but sometimes-person is used instead of man, -women:salesperson, spokesperson.

Domestic animals and many of the larger wild animals have different forms:
bull, cow            duck, drake         ram, ewe         stallion, mare
cock, hen           gander, goose     stag, doe         tiger, tigress
dog, bitch          lion, lioness

Others have the same form.

Plurals

The plural of a noun is usully made by adding (s) to the singular:
day, days    dog, dogs    house, houses
(s)is pronounced/s/after a p,k or f sound.otherwise it is prounced/z/.
When s is placed afterce, ge, seorze an extra syllable (/iz/) is added to thespoken world.

Other plural forms

Nouns ending in o or ch,sh,ssorx form their plural by adding es:
tomato, tomatoes        brush, brushes        box, boxes
church, churches        kiss, kisses

But words of foreign origin or abbreviated words ending in o add s only:
dynamo, dynamos        kimono, kimonos        piano, pianos
kilo, kilos                        photo, photos            soprano, sopranos

hen es is placed after ch,sh,ssorx an extra syllable(IZ)is added to the spoken word.

Nouns ending in y following a consonant form theit plural by dropping the y and adding ies:
baby,babies    country,countries    fly,flies    lady,ladies

Nouns ending in y foiiowing a vowel form their plural by adding s:
boy, boys    day, days        donkey, donkeys    guy, guys

Tweleve nouns ending in f or fe drop the  f or fe and add ves.these nouns are calf, half, knife, leaf, life, loafself, thief, wife, wolf :

loaf, loaves    wife, wives    wolf, wolves    etc.

The nouns hoof, scarf and ; wharf take either s or ves in the plural:

hoofs or hooves        scarfs or scarves    wharfs or wharves

Other words ending in f or fe add s in the ordinary way:
cliff,cliffs handkerchiefs safe,safes

A few nouns form their plural by a vowel change:
foot,feet           louse,lice            mouse,mice    woman,women
goose,geese    man,men            tooth,teeth
The plurals of child and ox are children,oxen