future perfect tense – communications skills

FUTURE ACTION

TIME FRAME:Tomorrow,the day after tomorrow,next week,next month,next year a few days

STRUCTURE:

positive:

(I,we,you,they,he,she,it)+will+v1+other words+time frame of simple future

Example:
1.I will return your book tomorrow
2.I will go abroad after my post graduation.

Negative:

(I,we,you,they,he,she,it)+willnot/won’t+v1+other words+time frame of simple future

Example:
1.I won’t come late tomorrow
2.He won’t make this mistake again in future

Question:
(Will,you,they,he,she,it)+v1+other words+time frame of simple future

Example:
1.Will you come to the institute tomorrow?
2.will you call me up in the evening tomorrow?

APPLICATION:
To question any action that will take place in future.

FUTURE SITUATION:
Time frame:Tomorrow,the day after tomorrow,nextweek,next month/year,after afew days.

STRUCTURE:
POSITIVE:
(I,we you,they,he,she,it+will be+noun/adjective+future time

Examples:
1.I will be on time tomorrow.
2.My brother will be graduate by next year.

NEGATIVE:
I,we,you,they,he,she,it+will not be+other words+time frame

Examples:
1.I won’t be absent to the class tomorrow.
2.I will not be here at 5 this evening.

QUESTION:
Will+you,they,he+be+other words+time frame of simple future

Example:
1.will you be regular to school from tomorrow onwards?
2.Will the shop be open at 8 tomorrow evening?

Application: To indicate

1.profession,qualification
2.physical/state
3.Time,day,date,cost
4.Age
5.Any quality,of a person/place/thing in future time.
PRESENT PERFECT
TIME FRAME:Just now,recently,this week/month/year
still,yet,never,till now,since,for.

STRUCTURE:
POSITIVE:
I,you,they+have+v3+other words+time frame
He,she,it+has+v3+other words+time frame

Examples:
1.We have come to hyderabad recently
2.sita and her husband have gone out just now.

NEGATIVE:
I,you,we,they,he,she,it+haven’t/have never+v3+other words+time frame has never+hasn’t+v3+other words time frame

Example:
1.I have never seen a tamil movie.
2.I haven’t read today’s news paper.

QUESTION:
1.Have you ever seen a ghost?
2.Has Rao passed his exam?

APPLICATION:

1.To indicate an action that happened just now.
2.To indicate an action,which,happened in the past but the result,is still on.
3.An action, which has never happened till now for an individual.

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
TIME FRAME:since/for/or any event.
STRUCTURE:

POSITIVE:

subject(I,we,you,they)+have been+verb+ing+other words+time frames
subject(he,she,it)+have been+verb+ing+other words+time frame.

Example:
1.I have been staying in hyderabad since 1982.
2.Rupa has been working in wipro for the past 10 years

NEGATIVE:
SUBJECT(i,WE,YOU,THEy)+have not been+verb+ing+other words+time frame.
subject(he,she,it)+have not been+verb+ing+other words+time frame.

Example:
1.I haven’t been waiting for a long time.
2.sunil hasn’t been working since 1993.

QUESTION:
For how long+have+subject(you,we,they)+been+verb+ing+other words?
For how long+has+subject(he,she,it)+been+verb+ing+other words?
since when+have+subject(you,we,they)+been+verb+ing+other words?

Example:
1.For how long have you been staying here?
2.for how long has sachin been playing cricket?

APPLICATION:

To indicate an action or situationwhich started in the past and is still going on.

SIMPLE PAST tense – Spoken english lessons learn english steps

SIMPLE PAST
ACTION
TIME FRAME:

Yeterday,the day before yesterday,last night,last week,last month,last year,few year ago,last evening.

STRUCTURE:

Positive:

sub+v2+other words+timeframe for simple present (I,we,you,they)

Example:

1.The teacher taught a new lesson last friday
2.I visited Delhi last year.
Negative:

sub+didn’t+v1+other words+timeframe for simple past(I,we,you,they,he,she,it)

Example:
1.Madhu didn’t attend the class yesterday.
2.My mother did not bake a cake on my birthday last year.

Question:

Did+sub+v1+other words+timeframe for simple past(I,we,you,they,he,she,it)

Example:

1.Did you watch T.V. yesterday?
2.Did your father send you money last month?

APPLICATIONS:

To question about an action that is complete or over

PAST-‘SITUATION':
TIME FRAME:

yesterday,the day before yesterday,last night,last week,last month,last year,few yearsago,last evening

STRUCTURE:

Positive:

I+was+noun/adjective
We,you,they,those,+were+noun/adjective
He,she,it+was+noun/adjective

Example:
1.I was a student of st.theresa’s School 10 years ago.
2.Mohan was absent last week.

Negative:
I+was not+noun/adjective
We,you,these,those+were not+noun/adjective
She,he,it+was not+noun/adjective

Example:
1.I wasn’t aa teacher 10 years ago.
2.Mhoan and rajesh weren’t students of russell’s last year.

Question:
Were+you,they+noun/adjective
Was+she,he,it+noun/adjective

Example:
1.Was Madhu a chubby child?
2.Was Nargis a good actress?

Application:
To indicate profession,qualification and designation.
To indicate a person in the past.
To indicate quality.(past)
To indicate relationship.(past)
To indicate age.(past)
To indicate time,date,day&cost.

PAST CONTINUOUS:
TIME FRAME:
STRUCTURE:

Positive:
I+was+v1 ing+other words+specific time in the past
We,you,they+were+v1 ing+other words+specific time in the past
He,she,it+was+v1 ing+other words+specific time in the past

Example:
1.I was watching TV at 6last evening.
2.We were having dinner when my friend came.

Negative:
I+wasn’t+v1+ing+other words+specific time in the past
We,you,they+weren’t+v1ing+other words+specific time in the past
He,she,it+wasn’t+v1ing+other words+specific time in the past

Questions:
were+you.they,v1ing+other words+specific time in the past
Was+he,she,it+v1ing+other words+specific time in the past

Examples:
1.Was it raining when you out last evening?
2.Was your friend studying when you went to his house last night?

APPLICATION:
1.To question an action which was going on when another action happened.
2.TO talk about an action which was at a specified time.

simple past tense – Spoken English Online Training

SIMPLE PAST
ACTION
TIME FRAME:

Yeterday,the day before yesterday,last night,last week,last month,last year,few year ago,last evening.

STRUCTURE:

Positive:

sub+v2+other words+timeframe for simple present (I,we,you,they)

Example:

1.The teacher taught a new lesson last friday
2.I visited Delhi last year.
Negative:

sub+didn’t+v1+other words+time frame for simple past(I,we,you,they,he,she,it)

Example:
1. Madhu didn’t attend the class yesterday.
2.My mother did not bake a cake on my birthday last year.

Question:

Did+sub+v1+other words+timeframe for simple past(I,we,you,they,he,she,it)

Example:

1.Did you watch T.V. yesterday?
2.Did your father send you money last month?

APPLICATIONS:

To question about an action that is complete or over

PAST-‘SITUATION':
TIME FRAME:

yesterday,the day before yesterday,last night,last week,last month,last year,few yearsago,last evening

STRUCTURE:

Positive:

I+was+noun/adjective
We,you,they,those,+were+noun/adjective
He,she,it+was+noun/adjective

Example:
1.I was a student of st.theresa’s School 10 years ago.
2.Mohan was absent last week.

Negative:
I+was not+noun/adjective
We,you,these,those+were not+noun/adjective
She,he,it+was not+noun/adjective

Example:
1.I wasn’t aa teacher 10 years ago.
2.Mhoan and rajesh weren’t students of russell’s last year.

Question:
Were+you,they+noun/adjective
Was+she,he,it+noun/adjective

Example:
1.Was Madhu a chubby child?
2.Was Nargis a good actress?

Application:
To indicate profession,qualification and designation.
To indicate a person in the past.
To indicate quality.(past)
To indicate relationship.(past)
To indicate age.(past)
To indicate time,date,day&cost.

PAST CONTINUOUS:
TIME FRAME:
STRUCTURE:

Positive:
I+was+v1+ ing+other words+specific time in the past
We,you,they+were+v1+ing+other words+specific time in the past
He,she,it+was+v1+ ing+other words+specific time in the past

Example:
1.I was watching TV at 6last evening.
2.We were having dinner when my friend came.

Negative:
I+wasn’t+v1+ing+other words+specific time in the past
We,you,they+weren’t+v1ing+other words+specific time in the past
He,she,it+wasn’t+v1ing+other words+specific time in the past

Questions:
were+you.they,v1ing+other words+specific time in the past
Was+he,she,it+v1ing+other words+specific time in the past

Examples:
1.Was it raining when you out last evening?
2.Was your friend studying when you went to his house last night?

APPLICATION:
1.To question an action which was going on when another action happened.
2.TO talk about an action which was at a specified time.

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